What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum and teeth caused by bacteria trapped in plaque and saliva.
The disease is characterized by a bacterial infection of the tissue that holds your teeth in place. In this, the gums pull away from the teeth and form pockets, which become infected. As the gum continues to separate from the tooth surface, bone loss can occur due to the resorption of supportive structures around the roots of teeth and possible infection of the bone itself.
If you caught the periodontal disease, then your gums will experience:
At first, this type of gum disease is known as gingivitis which can be controlled with home remedies to cure the periodontal disease at home without a dentist. But if it develops further, it becomes periodontitis.
What Are Periodontal Disease Stages?
Stage 1: Gingivitis
Gingivitis can usually be healed if it has not yet spread to the bones. It occurs as a consequence of plaque accumulation around the teeth.
Stage 2: Slight Periodontal Disease
The second stage of periodontal disease is known as mild periodontal disease. It isn't reversible, but it's manageable. Once a patient reaches the second stage, the infection has spread to the bone and begun its bone-destructive process. The bacteria change and become more aggressive, causing additional bone loss.
Stage 3: Moderate Periodontal Disease
The third stage of periodontal disease can't be reversed like a mild form of periodontal disease. The symptoms of stage three are similar to those seen in stage two, with probing depths reaching up to 6-7 millimeters, allowing for even more bacteria to attack not just your bones but also your blood circulation and immune system.
Stage 4: Advanced Periodontal Disease
The final stage of periodontal disease is when the infection expands even further, and the bacteria transform into pathogenic bacteria once again. You're now at a 50 percent to 90 percent risk of bone loss. Stage 4 periodontal disease causes spacing or gaps between teeth, gum recession, denture users, and other general health issues that might be serious.
What Are The Signs Of Periodontal Disease?
Bleeding of gum can be a sign of gum disease. Your gums will bleed whenever they're brushed or flossed, which means this is a good time to schedule an appointment with your dentist. You might also notice bleeding when you eat hard foods or drink something hot or cold. In some cases, the gums may begin to pull away from your teeth and form spaces in between them.
Red, Swollen Gums
Another symptom of gum disease is redness in your gums caused by increased blood flow to the area. You might also notice that they're tender and swollen.
Bad Breath and Sticky Plaque
Other than the obvious -- bad breath -- another sign of the periodontal disease is your gums appearing to be more pink than usual. If you notice any of these symptoms, it's best to take action right away and see a dentist or dental hygienist for an evaluation.
Gum Inflammation And Tooth Loss
The first sign that your gums might be suffering from gum disease is that they'll start to feel sore and inflamed. Your gums might also swell and turn a deeper shade of red than usual. The skin around the teeth might start to peel away, and you may notice that your gums pull away from the teeth before they bleed.
Another symptom is the loosening of teeth.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is most often caused by:
Plaque is the sticky film formed because of bacteria and food particles left in the mouth. If it constantly forms on our teeth and accumulates around the gum line, it creates a cavity.
Genetics Or Smoking
People with a genetic predisposition that gives them thinner gums are more likely to be diagnosed with periodontal disease. People that have chronic health conditions might also be at increased risk. A study by researcher Rambod Javan showed an increase in gum disease among pregnant women who were smokers. Researchers aren't sure if smoking affects women or their babies in utero, but it's believed that smoking affects the body's ability to fight infection.
Gum diseases are not just limited to adults. They can strike in children too, with about 20% of children aged 6-9 have some disease. Dental plaque is a risk factor for gum disease in anyone, especially in people who already had slow healing after tooth extraction, poor oral hygiene (e.g., brushing daily), and genetics like thinning gums.
Can Gum Disease Affect My Overall Health?
Yes, gum disease can affect your overall health. The bacteria in plaque produce toxins that irritate the gums and cause them to swell and turn red. If plaque isn't removed through brushing and flossing, it can form calculus (tartar), leading to periodontitis and gingivitis. Periodontitis is inflammation of the tissues around the teeth that causes bleeding, deep pockets near the teeth, tissue damage, bad breath, loose teeth, tooth loss. Gingivitis is inflammation of the lining of the gums that may bleed easily or become swollen gums around tooth or form pus-filled pockets above the gum line.
How To Fix Unhealthy Gums?
There are many changes that you can make in your daily routine to improve the health of your gums and teeth. Brush and floss daily twice a day and use a dentist-approved toothpaste. Use a soft-bristled brush with fluoride and brush for at least two minutes. Replace your toothbrush every three months. If you smoke, quit. Avoid chewing on hard objects like ice, chocolate, nuts, pens, etc. Apply lip balm when it's dry outside or when you're drinking hot or cold drinks.
Gingivitis is an infection of the gum pockets around teeth. In any case, it is a good idea to visit your dentist as soon as possible. Some home remedies might help speed up the healing process and reduce swelling from the condition.
Daily Brushing And Flossing To Prevent Gum Disease
STEP 1 - Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride and non-toxic toothpaste and floss to keep your tooth surfaces free from bacteria.
STEP 2 - Use a natural and antibacterial mouthwash such as Nature Smile Rinse to keep up the good oral health.
STEP 3 - After brushing your teeth, massage your gum tissue with your fingers. It will help in increasing blood flow to the area and strengthen gum health.
As per the American dental association, the best way to reduce the risk of gingivitis and keep your teeth healthy is through a balanced diet. The ADA recommends limiting sugary and starchy foods and acidic foods like citrus juice, eroding tooth enamel. Instead, eat more vegetables and low-fat protein portions throughout the day to avoid large spikes in blood sugar and combat gum disease.
Cloves Mixed Into Coconut Oil
Coconut oil possesses anti-inflammatory properties that can help to treat periodontitis. It helps reduce inflammation, kill bacteria, and speed up the healing process of the infected, inflamed gums. Clove works as an antioxidant and helps to reduce pain and swelling.
Aloe Vera Mouthwash
Aloe vera mouthwash is one of the most widely used mouthwashes to treat gum disease and many other benefits. It is often used to relieve pain, treat gum recession, soothe gums by preventing bacterial plaque, kill mouth bacteria, and promote healing and dental health. Aloe vera mouthwash is a potassium-rich liquid that is extracted from an aloe vera plant.
Sage mouthwash is an effective treatment to stop developing gingivitis. Sage is packed with antimicrobial properties, eliminating bacteria in the mouth and preventing them from multiplying further.
Tea Tree Oil Mouthwash
Tea tree oil mouthwash has been used for many years to fight gingivitis and other oral infections to keep gums healthy. It works by killing off the harmful bacteria in the mouth and reducing swelling.
Garlic Oil Mouthwash
Garlic has antimicrobial properties that fight harmful bacteria and promote healing in the mouth. It is often used to increase immunity, reduce inflammation, lower blood pressure, aid digestion, control blood sugar levels, fight infection and tooth decay. Allicin is the compound that is found in garlic; it helps to fight a variety of infections.
Guava Leaf Mouthwash
The guava leaf is a very effective treatment for gingivitis, periodontal disease, and halitosis. Guava leaf mouthwashes contain antimicrobial properties that can fight inflammation and prevent bacteria from forming.
Amla (Emblica Officinalis), called Indian gooseberry or emblic myrobalan. It is an Ayurvedic herb used to treat various health conditions. Amla contains a richness of vitamin C, flavonoids, and minerals with antioxidants called tannins which can stop bleeding from small capillaries in your gums. Amla acts as an astringent agent by contracting tissues and reducing secretion to shrink swollen parts of blood vessels.
Oil-Pulling Options To Treat Severe Periodontitis
Coconut Oil Pulling
Coconut oil pulling is an effective method of periodontitis treatment. There are two types of coconut oil-pulling options: the traditional option and the oil-pulling mouthwash option.
Lemongrass oil is another effective treatment option for gum disease. It has antimicrobial and antiseptic properties that reduce bacteria in the mouth and destroy microorganisms such as candida. It also fights inflammation and pain in the gums, getting rid of halitosis at the same time.
For this remedy, add 20 drops of lemongrass oil to one tablespoon of coconut oil. Swish the mixture in your mouth for 15-30 minutes, then spit it out before brushing your teeth.
Herbs And Oils
Herbs and oils like clove oil, oregano oil, thyme oil, garlic, anise seed, myrrh, tea tree oil, helichrysum essential oils effectively fight oral infections. They also have antimicrobial properties that reduce bacteria in the mouth.
Add ten drops of oregano, clove, thyme or tea tree oils in one tablespoon of coconut oil for this remedy. Swish the mixture in your mouth for 15-30 minutes, then spit it out before brushing your teeth.
Turmeric Gel Application
Turmeric gel has been used as a natural antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent for thousands of years. It can help to fight bacteria, reduce inflammation and kill fungi that cause infections in the mouth.
Baking soda contains mild abrasive properties that can help remove plaque and tartar from teeth, reducing inflammation and pain.
Mix one teaspoon of baking soda in half a glass of water, then use it as a mouthwash twice daily. Follow this remedy for about three weeks to see visible results.
Green tea has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It reduces bacteria in the mouth and kills fungi that cause infections such as candida.
Drink about three cups of green tea per day or take green tea extract supplements. Green tea also helps thin the blood, which can help reduce inflammation and swelling in your gums, allowing them to heal faster.
Hydrogen peroxide has antimicrobial properties that reduce bacteria in the mouth and kill microorganisms such as candida. It also fights inflammation and speeds up the healing process.
Mix equal parts of hydrogen peroxide with water, then use it as a mouthwash twice daily for about three weeks. Again, after this period, you should see some visible results.
There are many other painful surgical treatments to cure periodontal disease and eliminate bacteria, such as flap surgery, gum surgery, root planning, etc.
Gum disease increases the risk of damage to cardiovascular disease and various other health problems. So the best way to avoid getting infected gums is to opt the natural organic remedies to cure periodontal disease and keep a beautiful smile.